Articles | Volume 4, issue 2
Review article
11 Oct 2017
Review article |  | 11 Oct 2017

Transplantation in the nonhuman primate MPTP model of Parkinson's disease: update and perspectives

Florence Wianny and Julien Vezoli

Abstract. In order to calibrate stem cell exploitation for cellular therapy in neurodegenerative diseases, fundamental and preclinical research in NHP (nonhuman primate) models is crucial. Indeed, it is consensually recognized that it is not possible to directly extrapolate results obtained in rodent models to human patients. A large diversity of neurological pathologies should benefit from cellular therapy based on neural differentiation of stem cells. In the context of this special issue of Primate Biology on NHP stem cells, we describe past and recent advances on cell replacement in the NHP model of Parkinson's disease (PD). From the different grafting procedures to the various cell types transplanted, we review here diverse approaches for cell-replacement therapy and their related therapeutic potential on behavior and function in the NHP model of PD.

Short summary
We propose for this special issue an exhaustive review of past and most recent advances on the topic of cell replacement in Parkinson’s disease, describing the different procedures using transplantation of various cell sources as a therapeutic approach and linked therapeutic behavioral and/or functional outcomes. We conclude by opening perspectives on future promising developments for the use of cell-replacement therapy in research and its translation to the clinic.