The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus): a relevant preclinical model of human (auto)immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the brain
- Department Immunobiology, Biomedical Primate Research Centre, Rijswijk, the Netherlands
Abstract. The increasing prevalence of chronic autoimmune-mediated inflammatory disorders (AIMIDs) in aging human populations creates a high unmet need for safe and effective medications. However, thus far the translation of pathogenic concepts developed in animal models into effective treatments for the patient has been notoriously difficult. The main reason is that currently used mouse-based animal models for the pipeline selection of promising new treatments were insufficiently predictive for clinical success. Regarding the high immunological similarity between human and non-human primates (NHPs), AIMID models in NHPs can help to bridge the translational gap between rodent and man. Here we will review the preclinical relevance of the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), a small-bodied neotropical primate. EAE is a generic AIMID model projected on the human autoimmune neuro-inflammatory disease multiple sclerosis (MS).