We examined the influence of forest edge effects on activity budgets, feeding ecology, and stress hormone output in five groups of Verreaux’s sifakas (Propithecus verreauxi) in western Madagascar. Sifakas in the edge habitat travelled more, tended to have smaller home ranges, had lower fruit consumption, higher stress hormone levels, and lower birth rates than sifakas in the forest interior. Hence, Verreaux’s sifakas appear to be sensitive to microhabitat characteristics linked to forest edges.
Baboons occur in a large range of different habitats. However, data on the ecology of Guinea baboons were scarce. We provide information on the ranging behaviour, habitat use, and diet of a population of Guinea baboons in the Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal. Home ranges were about 25 km2, and they moved up to 13 km per day. They seem to prefer the more forested parts of their home range near the river. Fruit dominates their diet, and the nuts of the palmyra palm are a year-round food source.
To our knowledge, this study is the first report of spontaneous Hashimoto-like chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis in a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). Despite the microscopic similarities to human cases, autoantibodies (thyroglobulin antibodies, thyriod peroxidase antibodies, and thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibodies) were not identified in this rhesus macaque using a human electrochemiluminescence immunoassay system.